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3. The Judicial System

Prior to 1971 a dual system of law  existed in Qatar. While Shariah courts had the jurisdiction, in addition to personal status matters, to decide on civil and criminal matters, the civil courts received miscellaneous summary disputes in accordance with equitable principles of justice. Upon the application of the Qatari Civil and Penal Codes in 1971, the jurisdiction of civil courts was extended to civil disputes and criminal matters. Thus, there are now two main divisions of courts namely Shariah with jurisdiction for personal status matters and civil courts with jurisdiction for civil and criminal matters.

The judicial system in Qatar is divided into two divisions: courts of first instance and courts of appeal with plans to establish a higher appeal division similar to the courts of cassation in other Arab countries. 

4. The Judiciary

Judges are usually appointed by the Ministry of Justice from amongst graduates of recognised law or Shariah colleges. Judges are assign to serve in courts, transferred and promoted by the Ministry of Justice.

5. The Legal Profession

While previously Arab lawyers who were member of Lawyers Associations in their own countries were able to obtain the licence to plead cases in Qatari courts, now only Qatari lawyers can represent clients in the courts. Arab or foreign expatriate lawyers usually serve as legal consultants to Qatari lawyers. Some foreign law firms have established associations with Qatari lawyers.

 

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Legal System of Qatar : foreign companies, corporates doing business

 

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